亚洲综合香蕉在线视频The stone wall is a wall that is constructed with the stones with or without mortar to enclose a field and dry stone structures are stable because of their unique construction method.
For a very long time stone is a traditional building material that has been used in the construction of buildings and the buildings constructed by using stone wall has a thickness of at least 500mm.
A stone wall style and construction method will depend on the type of stone available and in the modern world these are used as an external-facing for cavity walls亚洲综合香蕉在线视频, for good appearance and this wall is relatively durable.
Construction of Stone Wall:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频There are following six steps in the construction of such walls as given below:
Prepare The Footing
Lay The Base Course
Build-Up the Wall
Mark the Stone
Cut the Stone
Tool the Joints
Prepare The Footing:
Below the frost line dig a trench and make it 2 feet wider than the wall and line it with overlapped 12 inches than add a 6 inches layer of ¾-inch stone and with a plate compactor tamp it.
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频Until the footing is about 8 inches below the grade add and temp more layers and drive two stakes separated by a distance equal to the width of the wall about a foot beyond each end of the straight wall section.
Lay The Base Course:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频With a mason’s line set just above grade connect the stakes and place the first stone at a corner and position the next stone against the first face to the line. When the first course is laid repeat on the opposite side and with smaller stones fill between the two rows and with the tops of the face stones set flush & with a bed of mortar top this course.
Build-Up the Wall:
Reposition the line higher up the stakes and from a corner starts the second course and to see that the vertical joints are staggered and the outside faces just touch the line dry-fit each stone first.
Spreads a trowelful of mortar on the wall and with a mallet tamp the stone into it and visible edges of face stones should reset only on stone, not mortar.
Mark the Stone:
To make a stone fit you will have to cut it and use a pencil to mark the sections of the stone that you want to remove and for this cutting process, you will need safety glasses, 3-inch carbide, and a 3-pound hand sled.
Cut the Stone:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频Now place the marked stone on the ground and set the chisel’s carbide tip on the pencil line and downward aim it slightly then strike the chisel and reposition it and strike it again and repeat until the stone is properly fitted.
Tool the Joints:
Between the capstones with a brick jointer, trowel the joints, and to channel away water make them slightly concave. Then apply a wedge of concrete along the base course, front, and back to keep the wall from shifting. To make each wedge 6 inches high and 12 inches wide use a brick trowel and with backfill hide them.
Types of Stone Wall:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频There are following types of these walls such as;
Field Stone Wall
Pennsylvania Field Stone Wall
Colonial Stone Wall
Split Face/ Mosiac Wall
Modular Block Wall
Field Stone Wall:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频Fieldstone is harvested from the field or ground and they are generally more rounded and have been tumbled in the ground for centuries. Fieldstone is cheaper than the other wall stone and when it gets sorted into more consistent batches of shape, size, and color the price will go up.
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频For any type of stone wall fieldstone is suitable and fieldstone walls can be either dry laid or set with mortar. For large scale walls, they are well suited.
Pennsylvania Field Stone Wall:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频These stones are flat stones and type of fieldstone that is common to our local supply yards and it will cost more per ton than the general fieldstone.
Pennsylvania fieldstone wall is usually set in mortar to keep the small stones from getting knocked out.
Colonial Stone Wall:
This wall is also a flat stone and this stone comes from the bluestone quarries and is produced from cast-off pieces. Colonial stone faces are very flat and with a chisel and hammer as a softer stone, it is easy to work.
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频To produce a very tight-fitting, clean, and consistent finish these stones can be used and it has a dry-laid appearance.
Split Face/ Mosiac Wall:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频Split face walls refer to some sort of freshly broken fieldstone and to face the wall the stone has one very flat size that is used and the wall must be mortared together and the mortar is holding the form and not the weight of the stone.
It is easier to achieve a clean, flat finish by using split face stone and mortar.
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频Veneer wall is a wall in which the face stones have adhered to a structural concrete base and these walls are used in houses and in foundations.
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频To achieve a clean finish veneer stones are easy to cut and piece together.
Modular Block Wall:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频To make masonry walls concrete wall blocks are a manufactured product and these blocks come from a wide variety of styles with different engineering systems and specifications.
They are dry laid systems and can be constructed much faster and concrete block walls can look nice and effective and more cost-effective.
Advantages of Stone Wall:
亚洲综合香蕉在线视频There are following advantages of this wall such as:
Have a natural look and feel.
This wall can increase the value of the property.
These walls give a beautiful backyard patio.
The stone wall cladding is easy to maintain.
The stone wall insulates property from weather extremities.
The stone walls are attractive.
Good thermal regulation.
The stone wall is durable and strong.
Natural and environmentally friendly.
Disadvantages of Stone Wall:
There are following disadvantages of the stone wall such as;
Require a structured substrate which results in extra cost.
For protection needs to be sealed.
The stone wall has poor insulations.
The method of building is difficult for the stone wall.